Hypotheses to explain the few early coastal archaeological deposits in Sāmoa: Preliminary evaluations

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dc.contributor.author Cochrane, Ethan en
dc.contributor.author Tautunu, AAMM en
dc.contributor.author DiNapoli, RJ en
dc.date.accessioned 2019-09-30T22:50:52Z en
dc.date.issued 2019-08 en
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 26:10 pages Article number 101931 Aug 2019 en
dc.identifier.issn 2352-409X en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/48179 en
dc.description.abstract The Remote Oceanic archipelagos from Vanuatu to Sāmoa were first occupied 3000 years ago by populations with Lapita pottery at over 100 colonization sites. In Sāmoa, however, the first millennium of settlement is comprised of only a few isolated archaeological sites, and only one with Lapita pottery. This unique archaeological record is typically explained as a result of isostatic subsidence that destroyed or displaced more numerous coastal colonization sites. Three additional hypotheses may account for this pattern. First, few coastal flats may have existed for settlement, limiting occupation of the archipelago. Second, terrestrial geological processes may have destroyed what were once more numerous sites. Third, the few early and isolated sites in Sāmoa may reflect a small population of colonists resulting from demographic processes, including wave-front population density, or the Allee effect. We conducted a preliminary examination of the first two alternative hypotheses through a programme of coring and excavation across three coastlines on ‘Upolu island, Sāmoa. Sub-surface sediment data suggest both hypotheses may be valid explanations in different coastal settings. We propose additional research to test this possibility. en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ en
dc.subject Samoa en
dc.subject Lapita en
dc.subject beachridge en
dc.subject colonization en
dc.title Hypotheses to explain the few early coastal archaeological deposits in Sāmoa: Preliminary evaluations en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jasrep.2019.101931 en
pubs.volume 26 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: Elsevier en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 775752 en
pubs.org-id Arts en
pubs.org-id Social Sciences en
pubs.org-id Anthropology en
pubs.number 101931 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2019-07-03 en
pubs.online-publication-date 2019-07-14 en


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https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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