Integrated computer-aided forensic case analysis, presentation, and documentation based on multimodal 3D data.

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Show simple item record Bornik, Alexander en Urschler, Martin en Schmalstieg, Dieter en Bischof, Horst en Krauskopf, Astrid en Schwark, Thorsten en Scheurer, Eva en Yen, Kathrin en 2019-10-01T20:44:13Z en 2018-06 en
dc.identifier.citation Forensic science international 287:12-24 Jun 2018 en
dc.identifier.issn 0379-0738 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract Three-dimensional (3D) crime scene documentation using 3D scanners and medical imaging modalities like computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are increasingly applied in forensic casework. Together with digital photography, these modalities enable comprehensive and non-invasive recording of forensically relevant information regarding injuries/pathologies inside the body and on its surface. Furthermore, it is possible to capture traces and items at crime scenes. Such digitally secured evidence has the potential to similarly increase case understanding by forensic experts and non-experts in court. Unlike photographs and 3D surface models, images from CT and MRI are not self-explanatory. Their interpretation and understanding requires radiological knowledge. Findings in tomography data must not only be revealed, but should also be jointly studied with all the 2D and 3D data available in order to clarify spatial interrelations and to optimally exploit the data at hand. This is technically challenging due to the heterogeneous data representations including volumetric data, polygonal 3D models, and images. This paper presents a novel computer-aided forensic toolbox providing tools to support the analysis, documentation, annotation, and illustration of forensic cases using heterogeneous digital data. Conjoint visualization of data from different modalities in their native form and efficient tools to visually extract and emphasize findings help experts to reveal unrecognized correlations and thereby enhance their case understanding. Moreover, the 3D case illustrations created for case analysis represent an efficient means to convey the insights gained from case analysis to forensic non-experts involved in court proceedings like jurists and laymen. The capability of the presented approach in the context of case analysis, its potential to speed up legal procedures and to ultimately enhance legal certainty is demonstrated by introducing a number of representative forensic cases. en
dc.format.medium Print-Electronic en
dc.language eng en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Forensic science international en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.title Integrated computer-aided forensic case analysis, presentation, and documentation based on multimodal 3D data. en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.forsciint.2018.03.031 en
pubs.begin-page 12 en
pubs.volume 287 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The authors en
pubs.end-page 24 en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype Journal Article en
pubs.elements-id 776161 en Science en School of Computer Science en
dc.identifier.eissn 1872-6283 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2018-04-08 en
pubs.dimensions-id 29626838 en

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