Trait-based range expansion aided in the global radiation of Crocodylidae

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dc.contributor.author Nicolaï, MPJ en
dc.contributor.author Matzke, Nicholas en
dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-05T07:53:39Z en
dc.date.issued 2019-09 en
dc.identifier.issn 1466-822X en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/48390 en
dc.description.abstract Abstract Aim Almost half of the extant species of Crocodylia (nine genera, sensu Brochu) belong to the genus Crocodylus, which originated in the Miocene. Today, this genus has a circumtropical distribution, with representatives found in Asia, Oceania, Africa and the Neotropics. However, its geographical origin and the historical events behind its rapid diversification and global radiation are still debated. Here, we inferred the evolution of a set of life traits that aid in dispersal and how they influenced the biogeography of Crocodylus. Location Global. Time period Cretaceous to the present. Major taxa studied Crocodylidae. Methods We estimated biogeographical history on a published phylogeny using probabilistic biogeography models. Next, we identified four life traits likely to promote range expansion and used a trait-based dispersal model jointly to infer evolution of these traits and their influence on the dispersal of crocodilians. Finally, we used diversification analyses to identify shifts in diversification rates. Results An Asian origin was reconstructed for Crocodylus. Despite the small size of the phylogeny, statistical model comparison reports substantially improved the model fit of trait-dependent over trait-independent dispersal models. In individual tests, the four life traits considered (salt tolerance, large size, large clutches and habitat generalism) appear to be correlated statistically with higher dispersal probabilities. However, the traits are likely to be correlated with each other, and we hypothesize that they all reflect the gradual evolution of a range-expansion phenotype in early Crocodylus that resulted in increased diversification of the clade. Main conclusions Increased dispersal in the genus Crocodylus was associated with the gradual evolution of a range-expansion phenotype. Interestingly, the evolution of the range-expansion phenotype was also associated with the diversification of the genus in a period of global crocodilian extinction, indicating that range expansion might have served as a potential driver of speciation. This suggests that the concept of ?spatial sorting?, normally applied at the population genetic level at the leading edge of an expanding population, might also act on a macroevolutionary scale. en
dc.publisher Wiley en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Global Ecology and Biogeography en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.subject BioGeoBEARS en
dc.subject biogeography en
dc.subject crocodiles en
dc.subject dispersal en
dc.subject range-expansion phenotype en
dc.subject spatial sorting en
dc.title Trait-based range expansion aided in the global radiation of Crocodylidae en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/geb.12929 en
pubs.issue 9 en
pubs.begin-page 1244 en
pubs.volume 28 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.end-page 1258 en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 774086 en
pubs.org-id Science en
pubs.org-id Biological Sciences en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2019-06-07 en
pubs.online-publication-date 2019-06-06 en


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