Probabilistic volcanic impact assessment and cost-benefit analysis on network infrastructure for secondary evacuation of farm livestock: A case study from the dairy industry, Taranaki, New Zealand

ResearchSpace Repository

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Wild, Alec en
dc.contributor.author Wilson,, TM en
dc.contributor.author Bebbington, MS en
dc.contributor.author Cole, JW en
dc.contributor.author Craig, HM en
dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-29T00:57:52Z en
dc.date.issued 2019-12-01 en
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 387:20 pages Article number 106670 Dec 2019 en
dc.identifier.issn 0377-0273 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/48683 en
dc.description.abstract Evacuation is often a necessary volcanic risk mitigation measure. However, the focus is typically on primary evacuation from immediate life safety from the eruption, compared to secondary evacuation from loss of critical services and networked infrastructure. Evacuation, and the associated decision-making process, can be streamlined if probable evacuation can be forecast, and hence prepared for. This paper provides a framework using geospatial data, probabilistic modelling and cost-benefit analysis to produce a geospatial evacuation decision support tool. In this paper, we present a case study for the tephra fall hazard to dairy livestock for Mt. Taranaki, New Zealand, applying Bayesian Event Tree for Volcanic Hazard (BET_VH) modelling in conjunction with tephra dispersal modelling using TEPHRA2. We model two eruption types: 1) smaller Merapian; and 2) larger sub-Plinian, estimating tephra fall coverage with associated probabilities of occurrence. A comprehensive geospatial inventory is compiled, associating dairy farms with essential services: modelled electricity and water supply sources, and road access. Fault tree analysis and fragility functions are used to assess impact to: 1) feed supply; 2) water supply; and 3) milking ability for both on farm and external services e.g. electricity and water supply for each farm in the region. Without any of these, animal welfare will be threatened, even within a short timeframe e.g. two weeks. Cost-benefit analysis establishes if and where it will probably be beneficial to evacuate. This paper provides the first quantitative geospatial inter-dependency study for the Taranaki dairy industry from tephra fall, but also provides a framework that can be used to assess the impact to any geophysical hazard for any community or sector. en
dc.publisher Elsevier en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ en
dc.title Probabilistic volcanic impact assessment and cost-benefit analysis on network infrastructure for secondary evacuation of farm livestock: A case study from the dairy industry, Taranaki, New Zealand en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2019.106670 en
pubs.volume 387 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The authors en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 780858 en
pubs.number 106670 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2019-09-16 en
pubs.online-publication-date 2019-09-06 en


Files in this item

Find Full text

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Share

Search ResearchSpace


Advanced Search

Browse

Statistics