A target concentration strategy to determine ibuprofen dosing in children.

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dc.contributor.author Anderson, Brian en
dc.contributor.author Sturge, Jacqueline en
dc.date.accessioned 2019-11-05T01:39:42Z en
dc.date.issued 2019-08-31 en
dc.identifier.issn 1155-5645 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/48840 en
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND:Ibuprofen is widely used for ductus arteriosus closure in premature neonates and for analgesia in children and adults. There are no maturation descriptors of clearance. This lack of maturation understanding limits dosing recommendations from premature neonates to adulthood. METHODS:Published clearance estimates from different aged patients determined after administration from time-concentration profiles were used to construct a maturation model based on size and age. Curve fitting was performed using nonlinear mixed-effects models. A target concentration strategy was used to estimate maintenance dose at different ages. RESULTS:There were three publications reporting an estimate of individual clearance estimates in premature neonates, three reporting population clearances in infants, 11 in children 2-15 years (1 with individual and 9 with population clearances), and 13 adult studies (1 with individual and 12 with population clearances). Clearance maturation, standardized to a 70 kg person was described using the Hill equation. Mature clearance was 3.81 (CV 15.5%, 95%CI 3.72, 3.92) L/h/70 kg. The maturation half-time was 36.8 (CV 9.2%, 95%CI 34.7, 40.9) weeks postmenstrual age and the Hill coefficient 11.5 (95%CI 8.1, 15). A target effect of four units (visual analogue scale 0-10) correlated with an effect site concentration of 6.3 mg/L: a concentration achieved at trough after 400 mg 8 hourly in adults. CONCLUSION:Previously published pharmacokinetic parameters can be used to develop maturation models that address gaps in current knowledge regarding the influence of age on a drug's disposition. Maturation of ibuprofen clearance was rapid and was 90% of adult values by the first month of life in term neonates (ie, 44 weeks postmenstrual age) and 98% of standardized adult estimates by 3 months of age (53 weeks postmenstrual age). Clearance informed dosing predictions in all ages (premature neonate to adult) and matched those doses in common use in children older than 3 months. en
dc.format.medium Print-Electronic en
dc.language eng en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Paediatric anaesthesia en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.title A target concentration strategy to determine ibuprofen dosing in children. en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/pan.13731 en
pubs.issue 11 en
pubs.begin-page 1107 en
pubs.volume 29 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.end-page 1113 en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 783312 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id Medical Sciences en
pubs.org-id Pharmacology en
pubs.org-id School of Medicine en
pubs.org-id Anaesthesiology en
dc.identifier.eissn 1460-9592 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2019-11-10 en
pubs.dimensions-id 31472084 en


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