Delirium

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dc.contributor.author Sundram, Frederick en
dc.contributor.author Meagher, D en
dc.contributor.author Jauhari, S en
dc.contributor.editor Butler, R en
dc.contributor.editor Katona, C en
dc.date.accessioned 2019-11-21T03:58:01Z en
dc.date.issued 2019-06-30 en
dc.identifier.citation n Seminars in Old Age Psychiatry. Editors: Butler R, Katona C. 2nd: 54-66. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 30 Jun 2019 en
dc.identifier.isbn 1108723985 en
dc.identifier.isbn 9781108723985 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/49015 en
dc.description.abstract Disturbed brain function in the context of physical or bodily illness has been recognised in the medical literature for over two millennia. The actual term delirium was not introduced until the first century AD, when Aulus Cornelius Celsus, a Roman, described it in his medical encyclopedia De Medicina. The word is thought to originate from the Latin de (meaning ‘out of’) and lira (meaning ‘furrow’). In his work, Celsus used the term delirium to describe the acute confusional states that could occur after wound infections or head injuries. However, more than 400 years before that, Hippocrates used about 16 different words to describe to the clinical syndrome that we now call delirium, with the terms lethargus and phrenitis largely consistent with the present-day concepts of hypoactive and hyperactive clinical presentations [1]. These early descriptions emphasised the occurrence of psychosis and impaired arousal in patients with morbidity that was often distant from the brain (typically infectious). They thus include an awareness of the connection between body wellness and brain function that has been somewhat downplayed until relatively recent times with the greater recognition of the inherent connectivity of mind and body – an interface that is exemplified by the delirious state where pathology often very peripheral to the central nervous system (CNS) can cause globalised cognitive and neuropsychiatric disturbances. en
dc.description.uri https://catalogue.library.auckland.ac.nz/permalink/f/1ilac6l/uoa_alma51300654350002091 en
dc.publisher Cambridge University Press en
dc.relation.ispartof Seminars in Old Age Psychiatry en
dc.relation.ispartofseries College Seminars Series en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights This material has been published in Seminars in Old Age Psychiatry edited by Butler R, Katona C http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/9781108593946.005. This version is free to view and download for private research and study only. Not for re-distribution or re-use. © Royal College of Psychiatrists en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/open-access-policies/open-access-books/green-open-access-policy-for-books en
dc.subject Medical en
dc.title Delirium en
dc.type Book Item en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1017/9781108593946.005 en
pubs.begin-page 54 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: Royal College of Psychiatrists en
pubs.author-url https://books.google.co.nz/books?id=fDGdDwAAQBAJ en
pubs.edition 2nd en
pubs.end-page 66 en
pubs.place-of-publication Cambridge en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.elements-id 785185 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id School of Medicine en
pubs.org-id Psychological Medicine Dept en
pubs.number 5 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2019-11-05 en


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