Trauma, resilience and mental health in migrant and non-migrant youth: An international cross-sectional study across six countries

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dc.contributor.author Gatt, JM en
dc.contributor.author Alexander, R en
dc.contributor.author Emond, A en
dc.contributor.author Foster, K en
dc.contributor.author Hadfield, K en
dc.contributor.author Mason-Jones, A en
dc.contributor.author Reid, S en
dc.contributor.author Theron, L en
dc.contributor.author Ungar, M en
dc.contributor.author Wouldes, Trecia en
dc.contributor.author Wu, Q en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-11T02:42:39Z en
dc.date.issued 2020-03-09 en
dc.identifier.citation Frontiers in Psychiatry 10:15 pages Article number 997 09 Mar 2020 en
dc.identifier.issn 1664-0640 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/49847 en
dc.description.abstract Resilience is a dynamic process of adaptation to significant adversity. While there has been substantial focus on risks and negative outcomes associated with youth migrancy, there is limited evidence of the relationship between the adversity of migration, and resilience, wellbeing and positive mental health in adolescents. This international study aimed to explore the differences in resilience, wellbeing, and mental health behaviors in migrant and non-migrant adolescents tested across six countries (Australia, New Zealand, UK, China, South Africa, and Canada) with varying levels of trauma exposure. The study was a cross-sectional survey design with a convenience sample of 194 10-17-year-old migrants and non-migrants. The migrant sample included both ‘internal’ migrants (change of residence within a country) and ‘external’ migrants (change of residence across national borders) for comparison. Across the sites, migrants reported a higher mean number of traumatic events for the past year than non-migrants, with internal migrants reporting more events than external migrants overall. South African adolescents reported a higher mean number of traumatic events for the past year than all other sites. External migrants reported higher resilience scores yet reduced prosocial behaviors relative to internal migrants and non-migrants, whereas both internal and external migrants reported higher peer problems than non-migrants. When considering the interacting effects of trauma, the presence or absence of trauma did not appear to impact migrant scores in terms of resilience wellbeing, or conduct problems. In comparison, traumaexposed non-migrants showed detriments relative to trauma-exposed migrant peers for all of these measures. In conclusion, the survey tool was found to be reliable and acceptable for use in international studies of different samples of adolescent migrants. Overall, migrant adolescents showed greater resilience resources than non-migrants and, although the migrants experienced more traumatic events, the impact of trauma on mental health outcomes was greater in the non-migrants. There is a need for further research with larger prospective sample sizes to investigate how levels of resilience and wellbeing vary over time and across countries, and ways resilience can be promoted in adolescents exposed to trauma, regardless of migrancy status. en
dc.publisher Frontiers Media en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Frontiers in Psychiatry en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.title Trauma, resilience and mental health in migrant and non-migrant youth: An international cross-sectional study across six countries en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00997 en
pubs.volume 10 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The authors en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 789807 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id School of Medicine en
pubs.org-id Psychological Medicine Dept en
pubs.number 997 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2019-12-29 en


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