A Web-Based Alcohol Risk Communication Tool: Development and Pretesting Study

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dc.contributor.author Kool, Bridget en
dc.contributor.author Dobson, Rosie en
dc.contributor.author Sharpe, S en
dc.contributor.author Humphrey, Gayle en
dc.contributor.author Whittaker, R en
dc.contributor.author Ameratunga, Shanthi en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-11T03:23:39Z en
dc.date.issued 2020 en
dc.identifier.citation JMIR Formative Research 4(1):11 pages Article number e13224 2020 en
dc.identifier.issn 2561-326X en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/49872 en
dc.description.abstract Background: Alcohol use is a major public health concern associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Health professionals in primary care commonly see patients with a range of alcohol-related risks and problems, providing an ideal opportunity for screening and brief intervention (BI). Objective: This study aimed to develop a prototype for a Web-based tool for use by primary care health professionals (eg, doctors and nurses) to communicate alcohol harm risk to their patients and to engage with them regarding ways this risk could be reduced. Methods: Following conceptualization and development of prototype wireframes, formative work and pretesting were undertaken. For the formative work, focus groups and key informant interviews were conducted with potential end users of the risk communication tool, including health professionals and consumers. The focus groups and interviews explored perceptions of alcohol risk communication and obtained feedback on the initial prototype. For pretesting, participants (primary care doctors and nurses) completed a Web-based survey followed by a period of pretesting before completion of a follow-up survey. The study was designed to gain feedback on the tool’s performance in real-world settings as well as its relevance, ease of use, and any suggested refinements. Results: In the formative work stage, 11 key informants and 7 consumers participated in either focus groups or individual interviews. Participants were very positive about the prototype and believed that it would be useful and acceptable in practice. Key informants identified that the key point of difference with the tool was that it provided all the pieces in 1 place (ie, assessment, interpretation, and resources to support change). Participants provided feedback on how the tool could be improved, and these suggestions were incorporated into the prototype where possible. In the pretesting stage, 7 people (5 doctors and 2 primary care nurses) completed the pretesting. Participants reported that the tool provided a useful framework for an intervention, that it would be acceptable to patients, that it was easy to use, that they would be likely to use it in practice, and that there were no technical issues. Conclusions: The alcohol risk communication tool was found to be acceptable and has the potential to increase the confidence of health professionals in assessing risk and providing BI. en
dc.publisher JMIR Publications en
dc.relation.ispartofseries JMIR Formative Research en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.title A Web-Based Alcohol Risk Communication Tool: Development and Pretesting Study en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.2196/13224 en
pubs.issue 1 en
pubs.volume 4 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The authors en
pubs.author-url https://formative.jmir.org/2020/1/e13224/ en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 790482 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id Population Health en
pubs.org-id Epidemiology & Biostatistics en
pubs.org-id Pacific Health en
pubs.number e13224 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2020-01-06 en
pubs.dimensions-id 31895043 en

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