A comparison of the effect of a Growing Up Milk - Lite (GUMLi) v. cows' milk on longitudinal dietary patterns and nutrient intakes in children aged 12-23 months: the GUMLi randomised controlled trial.

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dc.contributor.author Lovell, Amy en
dc.contributor.author Davies, Peter SW en
dc.contributor.author Hill, Rebecca J en
dc.contributor.author Milne, Tania en
dc.contributor.author Matsuyama, Misa en
dc.contributor.author Jiang, Yannan en
dc.contributor.author Chen, Rachel en
dc.contributor.author Grant, Cameron en
dc.contributor.author Wall, Clare en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-11T22:48:19Z en
dc.date.issued 2019-03 en
dc.identifier.citation British journal of nutrition 121(6):678-687 Mar 2019 en
dc.identifier.issn 0007-1145 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/49918 en
dc.description.abstract The second year of life is a period of nutritional vulnerability. We aimed to investigate the dietary patterns and nutrient intakes from 1 to 2 years of age during the 12-month follow-up period of the Growing Up Milk - Lite (GUMLi) trial. The GUMLi trial was a multi-centre, double-blinded, randomised controlled trial of 160 healthy 1-year-old children in Auckland, New Zealand and Brisbane, Australia. Dietary intakes were collected at baseline, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months post-randomisation, using a validated FFQ. Dietary patterns were identified using principal component analysis of the frequency of food item consumption per d. The effect of the intervention on dietary patterns and intake of eleven nutrients over the duration of the trial were investigated using random effects mixed models. A total of three dietary patterns were identified at baseline: 'junk/snack foods', 'healthy/guideline foods' and 'breast milk/formula'. A significant group difference was observed in 'breast milk/formula' dietary pattern z scores at 12 months post-randomisation, where those in the GUMLi group loaded more positively on this pattern, suggesting more frequent consumption of breast milk. No difference was seen in the other two dietary patterns. Significant intervention effects were seen on nutrient intake between the GUMLi (intervention) and cows' milk (control) groups, with lower protein and vitamin B12, and higher Fe, vitamin D, vitamin C and Zn intake in the GUMLi (intervention) group. The consumption of GUMLi did not affect dietary patterns, however, GUMLi participants had lower protein intake and higher Fe, vitamins D and C and Zn intake at 2 years of age. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.language eng en
dc.relation.ispartofseries The British journal of nutrition en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights This article has been published in British journal of nutrition http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0007114518003847. This version is free to view and download for private research and study only. Not for re-distribution or re-use. © The Authors en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/open-access-policies/open-access-journals/green-open-access-policy-for-journals en
dc.subject Milk en
dc.subject Animals en
dc.subject Cattle en
dc.subject Humans en
dc.subject Treatment Outcome en
dc.subject Diet en
dc.subject Diet Surveys en
dc.subject Longitudinal Studies en
dc.subject Follow-Up Studies en
dc.subject Double-Blind Method en
dc.subject Feeding Behavior en
dc.subject Energy Intake en
dc.subject Nutritional Requirements en
dc.subject Infant Formula en
dc.subject Food, Fortified en
dc.subject Infant en
dc.subject Australia en
dc.subject New Zealand en
dc.subject Female en
dc.subject Male en
dc.subject Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena en
dc.title A comparison of the effect of a Growing Up Milk - Lite (GUMLi) v. cows' milk on longitudinal dietary patterns and nutrient intakes in children aged 12-23 months: the GUMLi randomised controlled trial. en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1017/s0007114518003847 en
pubs.issue 6 en
pubs.begin-page 678 en
pubs.volume 121 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The authors en
pubs.end-page 687 en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.subtype Comparative Study en
pubs.subtype Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't en
pubs.subtype Multicenter Study en
pubs.subtype Randomized Controlled Trial en
pubs.subtype Journal Article en
pubs.elements-id 768398 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id Medical Sciences en
pubs.org-id Nutrition en
pubs.org-id School of Medicine en
pubs.org-id Paediatrics Child & Youth Hlth en
pubs.org-id Science en
pubs.org-id Statistics en
dc.identifier.eissn 1475-2662 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2019-03-27 en
pubs.dimensions-id 30912737 en


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