Evaluation of the Effect of a Growing up Milk Lite vs. Cow's Milk on Diet Quality and Dietary Intakes in Early Childhood: The Growing up Milk Lite (GUMLi) Randomised Controlled Trial.

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dc.contributor.author Lovell, Amy en
dc.contributor.author Milne, Tania en
dc.contributor.author Jiang, Yannan en
dc.contributor.author Chen, Rachel en
dc.contributor.author Grant, Cameron en
dc.contributor.author Wall, Clare en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-11T23:28:51Z en
dc.date.issued 2019-01-20 en
dc.identifier.citation Nutrients 11(1) 20 Jan 2019 en
dc.identifier.issn 2072-6643 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/49941 en
dc.description.abstract scores provide an alternative approach to measuring dietary quality. The Growing Up Milk-Lite (GUMLi) Trial was a multi-centre, double-blinded, randomised controlled trial of children randomised to receive a reduced protein GUM (GUMLi) or unfortified cow's milk (CM). In a secondary analysis of the GUMLi Trial, we used the Probability of Adequate Nutrient Intake (PANDiet) to determine the nutritional adequacy of the diets of participating children living in Auckland. The PANDiet was adapted to the New Zealand Nutrient Reference Values and data from four 24 h Recalls (24HR) collected at months 7, 8, 10, and 11 post-randomisation were used. Differences between randomised groups (GUMLi vs. CM) of the PANDiet and its components were made. Eighty-three Auckland participants were included in the study (GUMLi n = 41 vs. CM n = 42). Total PANDiet scores were significantly higher in the GUMLi group (p < 0.001), indicating better overall nutrient adequacy and diet quality. Dietary intakes of children in both groups met the recommendations for fat, total carbohydrates and most micronutrients; however, protein intakes exceeded recommendations. Consumption of GUMLi was associated with higher nutritional adequacy, with an increased likelihood of meeting nutrient requirements; however, the impact of the family diet and GUMLi on dietary diversity requires further evaluation. en
dc.format.medium Electronic en
dc.language eng en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Nutrients en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.subject Milk en
dc.subject Animals en
dc.subject Humans en
dc.subject Micronutrients en
dc.subject Dietary Proteins en
dc.subject Diet en
dc.subject Double-Blind Method en
dc.subject Energy Intake en
dc.subject Nutritional Requirements en
dc.subject Nutritive Value en
dc.subject Infant Formula en
dc.subject Food, Fortified en
dc.subject Infant en
dc.subject New Zealand en
dc.subject Female en
dc.subject Male en
dc.title Evaluation of the Effect of a Growing up Milk Lite vs. Cow's Milk on Diet Quality and Dietary Intakes in Early Childhood: The Growing up Milk Lite (GUMLi) Randomised Controlled Trial. en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/nu11010203 en
pubs.issue 1 en
pubs.volume 11 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The authors en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.subtype Comparative Study en
pubs.subtype research-article en
pubs.subtype Multicenter Study en
pubs.subtype Randomized Controlled Trial en
pubs.subtype Journal Article en
pubs.elements-id 760284 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id Medical Sciences en
pubs.org-id Nutrition en
pubs.org-id School of Medicine en
pubs.org-id Paediatrics Child & Youth Hlth en
pubs.org-id Science en
pubs.org-id Statistics en
dc.identifier.eissn 2072-6643 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2019-01-24 en
pubs.dimensions-id 30669521 en

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