The Story of Shang 'Above': A Usage-based Approach to the Diachronic Development of Chinese Spatial Word

ResearchSpace/Manakin Repository

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Barlow, M en Jin, Ye en 2020-02-14T01:49:03Z en 2020 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract The aim of this study is understand how a spatial word shang 'above' developed throughout the history of written Chinese to lead to its multiple related senses or polysemous usages nowadays. We investigate the diachronic developments of 2749 instances of spatial word shang 'above' in historical texts of Archaic Chinese (AC, 12th c B.C.- A.D. 220), Medieval Chinese (MC, A. D. 220-1368 c.), Modern Chinese (MOC, 15th - mid 19th c.) and Contemporary Chinese (CC, mid-19th-20th c.) from Chinese corpora. We apply both cognitive and constructional approaches in a usage-based model to the analysis of shang. Using corpora to trace the diachronic developments based on instances of shang in different historical periods, we show how various meanings and grammatical functions of shang emerged and developed in systematic ways. It is found that conceptual metaphors and invited inferences all take part in the various usages of shang: metaphors can lead to the occurrence of a new meaning of shangin an early stage by mapping an abstract semantic domain to a concrete domain; invited inferences allow speakers to assign an innovative meaning to shangand inferences tend to motivate the more subjective or grammatical meanings of shang. In addition, we found that other contextual factors, including constructional meanings, the frequency of use, and collocation types, etc. can motivate the semantic shift and lead to the conventionalization of a novel usage of shang. We also demonstrate that constructions containing shang are related and form a network and as the various constructions containing shang develop, the spatial word shang is sanctioned by more schemas, such as verb, postposition and verb complements. Finally, this study also reveals the lexical sources and evolutionary paths that are associated with shang. Our study fills a research gap by focusing on the earlier usages of the spatial word shang and it illustrates that synchronic semantic relations are the outcomes of long-term diachronic developments. This study displays how spatial concepts are coded linguistically by Chinese speakers and it identifies the driving factors that lead to the semantic changes and grammaticalization of spatial words at different historical periods. It is thus a contribution to the history of Chinese, usage-based language studies, studies on spatial language, and to grammaticalization studies. en
dc.publisher ResearchSpace@Auckland en
dc.relation.ispartof PhD Thesis - University of Auckland en
dc.relation.isreferencedby UoA99265211013902091 en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.title The Story of Shang 'Above': A Usage-based Approach to the Diachronic Development of Chinese Spatial Word en
dc.type Thesis en Linguistics en The University of Auckland en Doctoral en PhD en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.elements-id 794261 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2020-02-14 en

Full text options

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as


Search ResearchSpace

Advanced Search