Decompression illness and other injuries in a recreational dive charter operation.

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dc.contributor.author Hubbard, Marion en
dc.contributor.author Davis, Francis en
dc.contributor.author Malcolm, Kate en
dc.contributor.author Mitchell, Simon en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-18T01:09:36Z en
dc.date.issued 2018-12 en
dc.identifier.issn 1833-3516 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/50099 en
dc.description.abstract INTRODUCTION:Health and safety within the recreational diving industry are poorly described. We aimed to obtain the true prevalence of decompression illness (DCI) and other diving and non-diving injuries, including occupational injuries, in a large recreational diving charter operation. METHODS:A New Zealand recreational diving operator keeps detailed records of diving activity and event/incident reports. We extracted passenger and crew numbers, dive numbers and incident statistics from all boat trips and associated work-related injuries between 01 January 2008 and 31 December 2014. The records of divers referred to the regional hyperbaric unit for suspected DCI were reviewed retrospectively. Using these data the prevalence of DCI and non-diving injuries were calculated. RESULTS:There were 65,536 person-trips to sea and 57,072 divers undertook 97,144 dives. Fifty-five injury events were documented over seven years, 31 in customers and 24 in staff. Four divers (including one staff member) diagnosed with DCI underwent recompression therapy, giving a prevalence of 0.41 cases requiring recompression per 10,000 dives, or one case per 24,386 dives, whilst five other divers were assessed as not having DCI. There was one cardiac-related fatality. Thirty-five non-diving injuries (mainly lacerations and minor musculoskeletal injuries) were documented in 30 people resulting in 10 consulting a general practitioner and seven presenting to the local regional hospital emergency department. CONCLUSIONS:DCI requiring recompression was relatively rare in this supervised recreational diving operation. Minor non-diving injuries were the most common adverse event. Compared to other adventure sports, the prevalence of injury in recreational scuba diving is low. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.language eng en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Diving and hyperbaric medicine en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.subject Humans en
dc.subject Decompression Sickness en
dc.subject Hyperbaric Oxygenation en
dc.subject Prevalence en
dc.subject Retrospective Studies en
dc.subject Diving en
dc.subject Recreation en
dc.subject New Zealand en
dc.title Decompression illness and other injuries in a recreational dive charter operation. en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.28920/dhm48.4.218-223 en
pubs.issue 4 en
pubs.begin-page 218 en
pubs.volume 48 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.end-page 223 en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype research-article en
pubs.subtype Journal Article en
pubs.elements-id 760178 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id School of Medicine en
pubs.org-id Anaesthesiology en
dc.identifier.eissn 2209-1491 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2018-12-06 en
pubs.dimensions-id 30517953 en


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