Kom W and X Basin: Erosion, Deposition, and the Potential for Village Occupation

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dc.contributor.author Emmitt, Joshua en
dc.contributor.author Phillipps, Rebecca en
dc.contributor.author Koopman, A en
dc.contributor.author Barrett, M en
dc.contributor.author Wendrich, W en
dc.contributor.author Holdaway, Simon en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-10T21:13:00Z en
dc.date.issued 2020 en
dc.identifier.issn 0263-0338 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/50586 en
dc.description.abstract The twentieth-century excavations of stratified deposits at Kom W, adjacent to Lake Qarun in Fayum north shore, Egypt, led to a variety of interpretations, including the argument for the presence of a Neolithic village. This has influenced the evaluation of early to mid-Holocene occupation in Egypt. Here, we report our recent study of the erosion and deposition processes at the site and its environs in order to reassess these interpretations. Changes in the level of Lake Qarun, evidence for wind erosion, deflation, and deposition, and analyses of artifact density provide a geomorphic context for Kom W and its immediate environs. Radiocarbon determinations from surface hearths that surround the Kom are reported. From the time of its initial formation, Kom W was subject to post-depositional processes, particularly wind erosion, which have affected the site’s current form, and the preservation of features and artifact within the deposits. These changes need to be considered when deriving behavioral interpretations from the archaeological record at Kom W and in the surrounding area. The composition of deflated deposits that surround Kom W suggests that the site is not as unique as once imagined. Remains that might have allowed interpretations of a village occupation have not survived. Instead, deposits are consistent with other early to mid-Holocene occupations interpreted as locations with the use of domesticates but without villages. en
dc.publisher Springer (part of Springer Nature) en
dc.relation.ispartofseries African Archaeological Review en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.title Kom W and X Basin: Erosion, Deposition, and the Potential for Village Occupation en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s10437-020-09370-1 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 793823 en
pubs.org-id Arts en
pubs.org-id Humanities en
pubs.org-id History en
pubs.org-id Social Sciences en
pubs.org-id Anthropology en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2020-02-11 en

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