Are Liquid Sugars Different from Solid Sugar in Their Ability to Cause Metabolic Syndrome?

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dc.contributor.author McDonald-Sundborn, Gerhard en
dc.contributor.author Thornley, Simon en
dc.contributor.author Merriman, Tony R en
dc.contributor.author Lang, Bodo en
dc.contributor.author King, Christopher en
dc.contributor.author Lanaspa, Miguel A en
dc.contributor.author Johnson, Richard J en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-11T00:41:33Z en
dc.date.issued 2019-06 en
dc.identifier.issn 1930-7381 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/50600 en
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVE:Intake of sugary drinks, especially soft drinks, carries increased risk for obesity and diabetes. This article reviews whether sugary drinks carry different risks for metabolic syndrome compared with foods that contain natural or added sugars. METHODS:A narrative review was performed to evaluate differences between liquid and solid sugars in their ability to induce metabolic syndrome and to discuss potential mechanisms to account for the differences. RESULTS:Epidemiological studies support liquid added sugars, such as soft drinks, as carrying greater risk for development of metabolic syndrome compared with solid sugar. Some studies suggest that fruit juice may also confer relatively higher risk for weight gain and insulin resistance compared with natural fruits. Experimental evidence suggests this may be due to differences in how fructose is metabolized. Fructose induces metabolic disease by reducing the energy levels in liver cells, mediated by the concentration of fructose to which the cells are exposed. The concentration relates to the quantity and speed at which fructose is ingested, absorbed, and metabolized. CONCLUSIONS:Although reduced intake of added sugars (sucrose and high-fructose corn syrup) remains a general recommendation, there is evidence that sugary soft drinks may provide greater health risks relative to sugar-containing foods. en
dc.format.medium Print-Electronic en
dc.language eng en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.subject Humans en
dc.subject Obesity en
dc.subject Dietary Sucrose en
dc.subject Carbonated Beverages en
dc.subject Metabolic Syndrome en
dc.title Are Liquid Sugars Different from Solid Sugar in Their Ability to Cause Metabolic Syndrome? en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1002/oby.22472 en
pubs.issue 6 en
pubs.begin-page 879 en
pubs.volume 27 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.end-page 887 en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't en
pubs.subtype Review en
pubs.subtype Journal Article en
pubs.elements-id 772785 en
pubs.org-id Business and Economics en
pubs.org-id Marketing en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id Population Health en
pubs.org-id Epidemiology & Biostatistics en
pubs.org-id Pacific Health en
dc.identifier.eissn 1930-739X en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2019-05-05 en
pubs.dimensions-id 31054268 en


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