A conceptual framework for modelling safe walking and cycling routes to high schools

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dc.contributor.author Rahman, ML en
dc.contributor.author Moore, A en
dc.contributor.author Smith, Melody en
dc.contributor.author Lieswyn, J en
dc.contributor.author Mandic, S en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-15T22:52:35Z en
dc.date.issued 2020 en
dc.identifier.citation International journal of environmental research and public health 17(9) 10 May 2020 en
dc.identifier.issn 1660-4601 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/51589 en
dc.description.abstract Active transport to or from school presents an opportunity for adolescents to engage in daily physical activity. Multiple factors influence whether adolescents actively travel to/from school. Creating safe walking and cycling routes to school is a promising strategy to increase rates of active transport. This article presents a comprehensive conceptual framework for modelling safe walking and cycling routes to high schools. The framework has been developed based on several existing relevant frameworks including (a) ecological models, (b) the “Five Es” (engineering, education, enforcement, encouragement, and evaluation) framework of transport planning, and (c) a travel mode choice framework for school travel. The framework identifies built environment features (land use mix, pedestrian/cycling infrastructure, neighbourhood aesthetics, and accessibility to local facilities) and traffic safety factors (traffic volume and speed, safe road crossings, and quality of path surface) to be considered when modelling safe walking/cycling routes to high schools. Future research should test this framework using real-world data in different geographical settings and with a combination of tools for the assessment of both macro-scale and micro-scale built environment features. To be effective, the modelling and creation of safe routes to high schools should be complemented by other interventions, including education, enforcement, and encouragement in order to minimise safety concerns and promote active transport. en
dc.publisher MDPI AG en
dc.relation.ispartofseries International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri https://www.mdpi.com/about/openaccess en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.title A conceptual framework for modelling safe walking and cycling routes to high schools en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/ijerph17093318 en
pubs.issue 9 en
pubs.begin-page 3318 en
pubs.volume 17 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.end-page 3318 en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 801067 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id Nursing en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2020-05-12 en
pubs.dimensions-id 32397592 en

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