Longer migration not necessarily the costliest strategy for migrating humpback whales

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dc.contributor.author Riekkola, L en
dc.contributor.author Andrews-Goff, V en
dc.contributor.author Friedlaender, A en
dc.contributor.author Zerbini, AN en
dc.contributor.author Constantine, Rochelle en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-18T23:45:47Z en
dc.date.issued 2020-05-01 en
dc.identifier.issn 1052-7613 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/51677 en
dc.description.abstract © 2020 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Long-distance migration is a demanding physical activity, and how well animals manage the associated costs will have important implications for their fitness. The Oceania humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) population is recovering from past exploitation markedly slower than the neighbouring east Australian whales. The reasons for this are unknown, although higher energetic costs of longer migratory distances could be a possible explanation. Due to their fully aquatic lives, studying the energy expenditure of these large animals requires methods that do not rely on capturing the animal, such as bioenergetic models. A state-space model was fitted to satellite data to infer behavioural states for southern migrating whales. Travel speeds and behavioural states were used in a bioenergetic model to estimate the energetic cost of the migration phase. Relative differences in average duration, distance, and energetic costs were compared between migratory routes and distances. Total energy used during migration was a trade-off between cost of transport (determined by travel speed) and daily maintenance (determined by daily basal metabolic costs). Oceania whales migrating to the Amundsen and Bellingshausen Seas travelled fastest and furthest, 15 and 21% further than whales migrating to the d'Urville Sea (east Australian whales) and Ross Sea, respectively. Therefore, they had the highest cost of transport, 25 and 85% higher than for d'Urville Sea and Ross Sea whales, respectively. However, energy saved in terms of daily maintenance by using fewer days to complete a longer migration resulted in only a 6–7% increase in total energetic cost. The results highlight that travelling further does not necessarily translate into an increase in total energy expenditure for migratory whales, since they can compensate for longer distance by travelling faster. Further research on the energetics of different whale populations could provide insight into the productivity of Southern Ocean feeding regions and help understand the environmental and anthropogenic effects on the whales' energy budgets. en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.title Longer migration not necessarily the costliest strategy for migrating humpback whales en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1002/aqc.3295 en
pubs.issue 5 en
pubs.begin-page 937 en
pubs.volume 30 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.end-page 948 en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Journal Article en
pubs.elements-id 795448 en
pubs.org-id Science en
pubs.org-id Biological Sciences en
dc.identifier.eissn 1099-0755 en

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