Linguistic analysis in public speaking: evidence from a Gavel Club for people with aphasia.

Show simple item record McCann, Clare M Plourde, Julie Moore, Celia Purdy, Suzanne C
dc.coverage.spatial England 2020-12-08T23:04:45Z 2020-12-08T23:04:45Z 2020-10-6
dc.identifier.issn 0269-9206
dc.description.abstract Public speaking has been described as one of the most daunting tasks one can engage in, even more so for people with aphasia (PWA). Gavel Clubs (affiliated with Toastmasters International) were established over 20 years ago for those who want to engage in public speaking but do not meet the eligibility criteria for Toastmasters membership. This study is the first of its kind to systematically evaluate changes in the speeches of PWA attending a weekly Gavel Club. The aims were to compare Table Topics (TT) and Prepared Speeches (PS) which are two different tasks regularly performed in a Gavel Club; to measure linguistic change over time in the two speech types; and to determine the feasibility of a discourse measure for analysing public speeches. Thirty-six speeches (four each from nine PWA) were audio-recorded, transcribed and analysed using the Linguistic Communication Measure (LCM). The nine participants represented a wide range of aphasia severity. Analysis revealed that engaging in weekly speaking activities in the GC was associated with an improvement in conveying content and in grammaticality through an increase in total number of words and number of correct words produced. The LCM is a comprehensive analysis tool but proved to be challenging in its speed and utility when measuring linguistic change in public speeches of PWA. Regular GC participation appears to facilitate improved language abilities, but we have yet to find the best tool to demonstrate this.
dc.format.medium Print-Electronic
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Informa UK Limited
dc.relation.ispartofseries Clinical linguistics & phonetics
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
dc.subject Aphasia
dc.subject Gavel Club
dc.subject grammatical support
dc.subject lexical efficiency
dc.subject linguistic communication measure
dc.subject Science & Technology
dc.subject Social Sciences
dc.subject Life Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.subject Audiology & Speech-Language Pathology
dc.subject Linguistics
dc.subject Rehabilitation
dc.subject Aphasia
dc.subject Gavel Club
dc.subject linguistic communication measure
dc.subject lexical efficiency
dc.subject grammatical support
dc.subject ADULTS
dc.subject 1103 Clinical Sciences
dc.subject 1702 Cognitive Sciences
dc.subject 2004 Linguistics
dc.title Linguistic analysis in public speaking: evidence from a Gavel Club for people with aphasia.
dc.type Journal Article
dc.identifier.doi 10.1080/02699206.2020.1830302
pubs.begin-page 1 2020-11-30T10:27:34Z
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.end-page 16
pubs.publication-status Published
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype Journal Article
pubs.elements-id 818072
dc.identifier.eissn 1464-5076 2020-10-6

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