Sustainable water management in the angkor temple complex, cambodia

Show simple item record Chim, Kosal Tunnicliffe, Jon Shamseldin, Asaad Sarun, Sambath 2021-02-15T22:43:54Z 2021-02-15T22:43:54Z 2021-1-11
dc.identifier.citation SN Applied Sciences 3(1):74 11 Jan 2021
dc.identifier.issn 2523-3963
dc.description.abstract <jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>The headwater catchment of the Siem Reap River has supplied the Angkor Temple Complex and surrounding communities since the twelfth century. The Angkor Temple Complex area consists of historical moats and <jats:italic>barays</jats:italic> (reservoirs) which are currently used to store the water from the Siem Reap River to maintain temple foundation, irrigate cultivation areas and provide floodwater storage. The Angkor Wat Temple, which is located in the complex, was constructed on a sandy alluvial substrate and needs a stable supply of water to avert land subsidence and destabilization of the temple foundation. In light of changing climate, land use and land cover (LULC) trends, it is crucial to examine the wide-ranging implications of reduced water supply for the Angkor Temple Complex. Using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool, this study seeks to assess the conditions necessary to provide sustainable streamflow to the Angkor Temple Complex. We modelled 30 scenarios of co-varied LULC and precipitation regime under a changing climate. The results show that under most LULC scenarios, sufficient water resources can be harvested to supply the complex—however—any further loss of forest cover is likely to impact groundwater conditions, flood management and dry season shortages. Conversely, the water supply to the complex is shown to be sensitive under the range of climate scenarios explored; a reduction of more than 10–20% in mean annual precipitation was enough to put the water supply under stress for the current and future conditions of the complex.</jats:p>
dc.language en
dc.publisher Springer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.relation.ispartofseries SN Applied Sciences
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
dc.title Sustainable water management in the angkor temple complex, cambodia
dc.type Journal Article
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s42452-020-04030-0
pubs.issue 1
pubs.begin-page 74
pubs.volume 3 2021-01-18T07:30:56Z
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The authors en
pubs.publication-status Published
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.elements-id 834482
dc.identifier.eissn 2523-3971
pubs.number 74 2021-1-11

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