A CDST Perspective on Variability in Foreign Language Learners’ Listening Development

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dc.contributor.author Chang, Pengyun
dc.contributor.author Zhang, Lawrence Jun
dc.date.accessioned 2021-03-16T01:24:14Z
dc.date.available 2021-03-16T01:24:14Z
dc.date.issued 2021-2-3
dc.identifier.citation Frontiers in psychology 12:601962 Jan 2021
dc.identifier.issn 1664-1078
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/2292/54696
dc.description.abstract <jats:p>Within a Complex Dynamic Systems Theory (CDST) framework, this longitudinal qualitative study explored the complex patterns and identified the degree of variability in three learners’ developmental process. Learners’ listening performance was tracked and examined every 6 weeks, followed by retrospective interviews and self-reflections every 7 weeks over the 43-month span. A series of CDST techniques were adopted for data analysis, including using min–max graphs to trace the minimum and maximum scores on the EFL learners’ listening developmental indices over time. Monte-Carlo and Loess smoothing analyses were applied to gauge for degrees of variability. The results suggest that: (1) Min–max graphs and smoothed Loess curves depict flux developmental processes of learners’ L2 listening; (2) learners differed from each other in the degree of inter-individual variability in their listening developmental trajectory; and (3) occurrence of unanticipated patterns confirm that learners demonstrated personalized intra-individual variability within their unique listening developmental process. Results indicate that variability is a pattern characteristic of CDST both between and within individuals, and inform us about how Chinese EFL listeners’ language develops. We conclude by discussing the implications for researchers and practitioners who are concerned with learners’ developmental trajectories and unexpected changing patterns in the process of foreign language learning.</jats:p>
dc.publisher Frontiers Media SA
dc.relation.ispartofseries Frontiers in Psychology
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject 1701 Psychology
dc.subject 1702 Cognitive Sciences
dc.title A CDST Perspective on Variability in Foreign Language Learners’ Listening Development
dc.type Journal Article
dc.identifier.doi 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.601962
pubs.issue 601962
pubs.begin-page 1
pubs.volume 12
dc.date.updated 2021-02-03T20:25:06Z
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The authors en
pubs.author-url https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.601962/full
pubs.end-page 17
pubs.publication-status Published online
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.subtype Article
pubs.elements-id 834535
dc.identifier.eissn 1664-1078
pubs.online-publication-date 2021-2-3

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