Modifiable Risk Factors and Change in Cognition of Māori and Non-Māori in Advanced Age: LiLACS NZ.

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dc.contributor.author Zawaly, Kristina
dc.contributor.author Moyes, Simon A
dc.contributor.author Buetow, Stephen
dc.contributor.author Tippett, Lynette
dc.contributor.author Kerse, Ngaire
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2021-04-20T02:11:15Z
dc.date.available 2021-04-20T02:11:15Z
dc.date.issued 2021-3-4
dc.identifier.issn 0733-4648
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/2292/54931
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether previously identified modifiable risk factors for dementia were associated with cognitive change in Māori (indigenous people of New Zealand) and non-Māori octogenarians of LiLACS NZ (Life and Living in Advanced Age; a Cohort Study in New Zealand), a longitudinal study. METHOD: Multivariable repeated-measure mixed effect regression models were used to assess the association between modifiable risk factors and sociodemographic variables at baseline, and cognitive change over 6 years, with p values of <.05 regarded as statistically significant. RESULTS: Modifiable factors associated with cognitive change differed between ethnic groups. Depression was a negative factor in Māori only, secondary education in non-Māori was protective, and obesity predicted better cognition over time for Māori. Diabetes was associated with decreased cognition for both Māori and non-Māori. CONCLUSION: Our results begin to address gaps in the literature and increase understanding of disparities in dementia risk by ethnicity. These findings have implications for evaluating the type and application of culturally appropriate methods to improve cognition.
dc.language eng
dc.publisher SAGE Publications
dc.relation.ispartofseries J Appl Gerontol
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm
dc.subject cognition
dc.subject dementia
dc.subject diversity and ethnicity
dc.subject oldest old
dc.subject 1103 Clinical Sciences
dc.title Modifiable Risk Factors and Change in Cognition of Māori and Non-Māori in Advanced Age: LiLACS NZ.
dc.type Journal Article
dc.identifier.doi 10.1177/0733464821997214
pubs.begin-page 733464821997214
dc.date.updated 2021-03-18T19:55:32Z
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.author-url https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33660541
pubs.publication-status Published online
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RetrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Journal Article
pubs.elements-id 844168
dc.identifier.eissn 1552-4523
pubs.online-publication-date 2021-3-4


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