Endemism increases species' climate change risk in areas of global biodiversity importance

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dc.contributor.author Manes, Stella
dc.contributor.author Costello, Mark J
dc.contributor.author Beckett, Heath
dc.contributor.author Debnath, Anindita
dc.contributor.author Devenish-Nelson, Eleanor
dc.contributor.author Grey, Kerry-Anne
dc.contributor.author Jenkins, Rhosanna
dc.contributor.author Khan, Tasnuva Ming
dc.contributor.author Kiessling, Wolfgang
dc.contributor.author Krause, Cristina
dc.contributor.author Maharaj, Shobha S
dc.contributor.author Midgley, Guy F
dc.contributor.author Price, Jeff
dc.contributor.author Talukdar, Gautam
dc.contributor.author Vale, Mariana M
dc.date.accessioned 2021-06-22T02:08:28Z
dc.date.available 2021-06-22T02:08:28Z
dc.date.issued 2021-5-1
dc.identifier.issn 0006-3207
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/2292/55380
dc.description.abstract Climate change affects life at global scales and across systems but is of special concern in areas that are disproportionately rich in biological diversity and uniqueness. Using a meta-analytical approach, we analysed >8000 risk projections of the projected impact of climate change on 273 areas of exceptional biodiversity, including terrestrial and marine environments. We found that climate change is projected to negatively impact all assessed areas, but endemic species are consistently more adversely impacted. Terrestrial endemics are projected to be 2.7 and 10 times more impacted than non-endemic natives and introduced species respectively, the latter being overall unaffected by climate change. We defined a high risk of extinction as a loss of >80% due to climate change alone. Of endemic species, 34% and 46% in terrestrial and marine ecosystems, and 100% and 84% of island and mountain species were projected to face high extinction risk respectively. A doubling of warming is projected to disproportionately increase extinction risks for endemic and non-endemic native species. Thus, reducing extinction risks requires both adaptation responses in biodiversity rich-spots and enhanced climate change mitigation.
dc.language en
dc.publisher Elsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofseries Biological Conservation
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm
dc.subject 05 Environmental Sciences
dc.subject 06 Biological Sciences
dc.subject 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
dc.title Endemism increases species' climate change risk in areas of global biodiversity importance
dc.type Journal Article
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.biocon.2021.109070
pubs.begin-page 109070
pubs.volume 257
dc.date.updated 2021-05-20T18:33:20Z
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.publication-status Published
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RetrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Journal Article
pubs.elements-id 853238
pubs.number 109070

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