Structure of the Region-Technology Network as a Driver for Technological Innovation

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dc.contributor.author O’Neale, Dion RJ
dc.contributor.author Hendy, Shaun C
dc.contributor.author Vasques Filho, Demival
dc.date.accessioned 2021-09-20T21:39:10Z
dc.date.available 2021-09-20T21:39:10Z
dc.identifier.citation Frontiers in big data 4:689310 Jan 2021
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/2292/56594
dc.description.abstract <jats:p>Agglomeration and spillovers are key phenomena of technological innovation, driving regional economic growth. Here, we investigate these phenomena through technological outputs of over 4,000 regions spanning 42 countries, by analyzing more than 30 years of patent data (approximately 2.7 million patents) from the European Patent Office. We construct a bipartite network—based on revealed comparative advantage—linking geographic regions with areas of technology and compare its properties to those of artificial networks using a series of randomization strategies, to uncover the patterns of regional diversity and technological ubiquity. Our results show that the technological outputs of regions create nested patterns similar to those of ecological networks. These patterns suggest that regions need to dominate various technologies first (those allegedly less sophisticated), creating a diverse knowledge base, before subsequently developing less ubiquitous (and perhaps more sophisticated) technologies as a consequence of complementary knowledge that facilitates innovation. Finally, we create a map—the Patent Space Network—showing the interactions between technologies according to their regional presence. This network reveals how technology across industries co-appear to form several explicit clusters, which may aid future works on predicting technological innovation due to agglomeration and spillovers.</jats:p>
dc.publisher Frontiers Media SA
dc.relation.ispartofseries Frontiers in Big Data
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Structure of the Region-Technology Network as a Driver for Technological Innovation
dc.type Journal Article
dc.identifier.doi 10.3389/fdata.2021.689310
pubs.volume 4
dc.date.updated 2021-08-01T08:29:11Z
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.publication-status Published online
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.elements-id 861505
dc.identifier.eissn 2624-909X
pubs.online-publication-date 2021-7-14


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