International Social Reform and the Invention of Development

Show simple item record Sinclair, Guy Fiti 2021-09-21T22:02:32Z 2021-09-21T22:02:32Z 2017
dc.identifier.citation SSRN (2842441). 2017. Elsevier BV. 43 pages
dc.description.abstract This paper challenges the standard narrative of the ‘birth’ or ‘invention’ of development, which depicts development as primarily an American invention of the decade following World War II, forged by US policy makers in the context of the Cold War and decolonization. in contrast, the account presented in this paper focuses on the sources of development thinking in the international social reform movement of the early twentieth century. In particular, the paper focuses on the European discourses of social reform and social law that arose in the nineteenth century and were promoted vigorously after World War I by the International Labor Organization (ILO). As this paper shows, the ILO's special contribution to the emergence of development stemmed from its efforts to apply a European model of social government to non-European societies, in both colonial and postcolonial settings; and from its work on scientific management, rationalization, and economic and social planning, at both a national and an international level. Moreover, the ILO was an important vector for transmitting these discourses and practices into the postwar United Nations system. Keywords: International Law, International Organizations, Development, Modernization, International Labor Organization, Social Reform, Social Law, Technical Assistance, Social Insurance, Scientific Management, Rationalization, Economic Planning
dc.language en
dc.publisher Elsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofseries SSRN Electronic Journal
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
dc.title International Social Reform and the Invention of Development
dc.type Journal Article
dc.identifier.doi 10.2139/ssrn.2842441 2021-08-10T02:29:43Z
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.publication-status Accepted
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype Article
pubs.elements-id 860778
dc.identifier.eissn 1556-5068

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