Experience and benefits of Marine Reserves for conservation, science and society

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dc.contributor.author Costello, Mark
dc.contributor.author Ballantine, Bill
dc.date.accessioned 2021-09-21T22:22:33Z
dc.date.available 2021-09-21T22:22:33Z
dc.identifier.citation ScienceOpen Posters, 2015
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/2292/56614
dc.description.abstract <ns7:p>Experiences with Marine Reserves (no-take Marine Protected Areas) in New Zealand and internationally are reviewed. Reserves became popular with the public and provided economic benefits. In one reserve, ‘spill-over’ of lobsters counter-balanced lost fishing. The reserves provided the controls that showed the effects of fishing on ecosystems through depleted populations and habitat change due to trophic cascades. Studies in other countries indicated that these trophic cascades were common globally. Research has shown that reserves protect benthic and pelagic species, including those that move outside the reserves. Marine Reserves can provide benefits to (1) conservation of species and habitats, (2) science as controls for fishing effects, and (3) fisheries as reference sites that conserve natural genetic and population structure, host brood-stock, and provide spill-over to nearby fisheries. They should be distributed geographically in networks that include replicated examples of habitats and species. To do so, they need to be suitably located, large enough, and enforced to fulfil these opportunities. However, these benefits remain limited by the relatively small area occupied by marine reserves within and between countries.</ns7:p>
dc.publisher ScienceOpen
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm
dc.rights.uri https://www.scienceopen.com/collection/ca50ff4b-f253-4970-85b3-a5fa25defb2d
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Experience and benefits of Marine Reserves for conservation, science and society
dc.type Journal Article
dc.identifier.doi 10.14293/p2199-8442.1.sop-life.pobcuz.v1
dc.date.updated 2021-08-12T19:23:56Z
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.elements-id 825777

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