Self-compassion in weight management: A systematic review.

Show simple item record Brenton-Peters, Jennifer Consedine, Nathan S Boggiss, Anna Wallace-Boyd, Kate Roy, Rajshri Serlachius, Anna
dc.coverage.spatial England 2021-11-11T22:14:50Z 2021-11-11T22:14:50Z 2021-9-16
dc.identifier.citation Journal of psychosomatic research 150:110617 Nov 2021
dc.identifier.issn 0022-3999
dc.description.abstract <h4>Objective</h4>Self-compassion - the tendency or ability to treat oneself kindly in times of failure or distress - may be a natural fit to support individuals who struggle with weight management. However, while self-compassion shows promise with improving health behaviours, the associations self-compassion has on weight management outcomes are unclear. The objective of this systematic review was three-fold: (1) to evaluate whether self-compassion interventions can increase individual self-compassion in the context of weight management, (2) to investigate if self-compassion interventions can improve weight management outcomes, defined as healthier eating, increased physical activity, or reduced weight and finally, (3) to explore whether these benefits can be sustained over the longer term.<h4>Methods</h4>Following PRISMA guidelines, Scopus, PsycINFO, Medline, PubMed and Embase databases were searched. Studies including a measure of self-compassion and a self-compassion intervention reporting weight management outcomes were included. Studies in populations living with an eating disorder were excluded. The Quality Criteria Checklist from the American Dietetic Association was used to assess study quality. Prospero Registration #CRD42019146707.<h4>Results</h4>Of the 9082 records screened, a total of 20 studies met inclusion criteria. Seventeen studies reported significant increases in self-compassion post-intervention. Improvements were also found for eating behaviours (15 of 18), physical activity behaviours (6 of 9), and weight loss (6 of 11). The majority of improvements were maintained at follow-up, except for physical activity behaviours (1 of 7).<h4>Conclusion</h4>Self-compassion interventions tailored to weight management outcomes demonstrate efficacy with increasing self-compassion post-intervention. Methodological weaknesses and questions about the maintenance of any improvements in weight management outcomes limit our ability to make strong conclusions. However, there is promise and clear relevance for including self-compassion interventions to enhance weight management outcomes; directions for improved intervention and study design are given.
dc.format.medium Print-Electronic
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Elsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of psychosomatic research
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
dc.subject Eating behaviour
dc.subject Physical activity
dc.subject Self-compassion
dc.subject Weight management
dc.subject 11 Medical and Health Sciences
dc.subject 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
dc.title Self-compassion in weight management: A systematic review.
dc.type Journal Article
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2021.110617
pubs.begin-page 110617
pubs.volume 150 2021-10-06T02:38:53Z
dc.rights.holder Copyright: Elsevier Inc en
pubs.publication-status Published
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype Review
pubs.subtype Journal Article
pubs.elements-id 867992
dc.identifier.eissn 1879-1360
dc.identifier.pii S0022-3999(21)00262-2
pubs.number 110617

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