The Biology, Ecology and Societal Importance of Marine Parasites

Show simple item record Morris, Thomas C Costello, Mark J 2021-12-02T23:14:30Z 2021-12-02T23:14:30Z 2020-1-1
dc.identifier.isbn 9780128160961
dc.description.abstract Although marine parasites are often small cryptic organisms that are difficult to study, they are a highly adapted, diverse group of organisms playing important roles within ecosystems. Parasites have complex lifecycles that involve a single host or a number of intermediate hosts. Parasites have been shown to act as ecosystem engineers, sometimes changing the behaviour of one host in order to enable their transition to the next host. The many modifications that individual parasites make have implications for the structure of food webs and the functioning of ecosystems. Their ubiquitous presence can be used to understand the structure of and pressures on host species and food webs. While it is tempting to assume that parasites have similar biogeographic patterns as their hosts, studies have shown that external parasites have different spatial distribution trends, trends which have implications with regards to climate change. Although marine species are generally expected to decline as climate change increases, current research indicates that climate change may be favorable for parasite pathogenicity and distribution. This could have economic impacts on fisheries and aquaculture and biological impacts on the function and structure of marine ecosystems. This article reviews our current biological and ecological knowledge of parasites, discusses how parasites have been used as a tool to understand other aspects of the marine realm, and outlines current predictions regarding the response of parasites to climate change.
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof Encyclopedia of the World's Biomes
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
dc.title The Biology, Ecology and Societal Importance of Marine Parasites
dc.type Book Item
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/b978-0-12-409548-9.11802-0
pubs.begin-page 556
pubs.volume 4-5 2021-11-21T01:39:05Z
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.end-page 566
pubs.publication-status Published
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.elements-id 873663

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