Publicity, politics, and professoriate in fin-de-siècle Vienna: The misconduct of the embryologist Samuel Leopold Schenk.

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dc.contributor.author Buklijas, Tatjana
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2022-01-12T21:10:57Z
dc.date.available 2022-01-12T21:10:57Z
dc.date.issued 2020-12
dc.identifier.issn 0073-2753
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/2292/57967
dc.description.abstract This essay uses the case of the fin-de-siècle Vienna embryologist Samuel Leopold Schenk to analyze the factors at play in allegations of misconduct. In 1898, Schenk published a book titled <i>Theorie Schenk. Einfluss auf das Geschlechtsverhältnis</i> (Schenk's theory. Influence on the sex ratio). The book argued that, by changing their diet, women trying to conceive could influence egg maturation and consequently select the sex of their offspring. This cross between a scientific monograph and a popular advice book received enormous publicity but also spurred first the Vienna Medical Association and then the Senate of the University of Vienna to accuse Schenk of poor science, self-advertisement, quack medical practice, and wrong publisher choice. Formal proceedings against Schenk ended in 1900 with the unusually harsh punishment of early retirement. Schenk died two years later. I examine the elements of the case, from the science of sex determination and selection, to the growth of print media and advertising within the changing demographic and political landscape of Vienna. I argue that the influence of the public, via the growing media, upon science was the main driver of the case against Schenk, but also that the case would have had a more limited impact were it not for the volatile political moment rife with anti-Semitism, nationalism, and xenophobia. I draw the attention to the importance of setting cases of misconduct in the broader political history and against the key social concerns of the moment.
dc.format.medium Print-Electronic
dc.language eng
dc.publisher SAGE Publications
dc.relation.ispartofseries History of science
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Sex Preselection
dc.subject Prejudice
dc.subject Embryology
dc.subject Politics
dc.subject Quackery
dc.subject Schools, Medical
dc.subject History, 19th Century
dc.subject Publications
dc.subject Journalism, Medical
dc.subject Jews
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Male
dc.subject Austria-Hungary
dc.subject Sex Determination Processes
dc.subject Scientific conduct
dc.subject Vienna
dc.subject anti-Semitism
dc.subject embryology
dc.subject history of advertising
dc.subject history of medicine
dc.subject history of science
dc.subject history of the book
dc.subject history of universities
dc.subject sex determination
dc.subject Austria-Hungary
dc.subject Embryology
dc.subject Female
dc.subject History, 19th Century
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Jews
dc.subject Journalism, Medical
dc.subject Male
dc.subject Politics
dc.subject Prejudice
dc.subject Publications
dc.subject Quackery
dc.subject Schools, Medical
dc.subject Sex Determination Processes
dc.subject Sex Preselection
dc.subject Arts & Humanities
dc.subject History & Philosophy Of Science
dc.subject History & Philosophy of Science
dc.subject Scientific conduct
dc.subject embryology
dc.subject history of medicine
dc.subject sex determination
dc.subject history of the book
dc.subject history of advertising
dc.subject Vienna
dc.subject anti-Semitism
dc.subject history of universities
dc.subject history of science
dc.subject 2103 Historical Studies
dc.title Publicity, politics, and professoriate in fin-de-siècle Vienna: The misconduct of the embryologist Samuel Leopold Schenk.
dc.type Journal Article
dc.identifier.doi 10.1177/0073275320914140
pubs.issue 4
pubs.begin-page 458
pubs.volume 58
dc.date.updated 2021-12-23T07:45:36Z
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.author-url https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32418464
pubs.end-page 484
pubs.publication-status Published
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RetrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Historical Article
pubs.subtype Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
pubs.subtype Biography
pubs.subtype Portrait
pubs.subtype Journal Article
pubs.elements-id 804005
dc.identifier.eissn 1753-8564
pubs.number ARTN 0073275320914140
pubs.online-publication-date 2020-5-18


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