Enacted stigma and HIV risk behaviors among sexual minority Indigenous youth in Canada, New Zealand, and the United States

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dc.contributor.author Saewyc, E
dc.contributor.author Clark, TC
dc.contributor.author Barney, L
dc.contributor.author Brunanski, D
dc.contributor.author Homma, Y
dc.date.accessioned 2022-03-06T23:01:20Z
dc.date.available 2022-03-06T23:01:20Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.issn 1705-7841
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/2292/58475
dc.description.abstract Enacted stigma has been linked to increased HIV risk behaviours among sexual minority youth, but despite higher rates of HIV and other STIs, there is very little research with Indigenous youth. In this study, secondary analyses of three population-based, school surveys were conducted to explore the associations between HIV risk and enacted stigma among sexual minority Indigenous youth in Canada, the US, and New Zealand. Data were analyzed and interpreted with guidance from Indigenous and sexual minority research team members, Indigenous advisory groups, and community consultations. In all three countries, Indigenous sexual minority youth were more likely to experience enacted stigma (such as bullying, discrimination, exclusion, harassment, or school-based violence) and report increased HIV risk behaviours (such as lack of condom use, multiple sexual partners, pregnancy involvement, and injection drug use) compared to heterosexual peers. Data were analyzed by age, gender, and sexual orientation, and for some groups, higher levels of enacted stigma was associated with higher HIV risk. The findings highlight the need for more research, including identifying protective factors, and developing interventions that focus on promoting resilience, addressing the levels of stigma and homophobic violence in school, and restoring historical traditions of positive status for Indigenous sexual minority people.
dc.relation.ispartofseries Pimatisiwin
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm
dc.subject 1117 Public Health and Health Services
dc.subject 1608 Sociology
dc.subject 2002 Cultural Studies
dc.title Enacted stigma and HIV risk behaviors among sexual minority Indigenous youth in Canada, New Zealand, and the United States
dc.type Journal Article
pubs.issue 3
pubs.begin-page 411
pubs.volume 11
dc.date.updated 2022-02-28T09:02:00Z
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.author-url https://web.archive.org/web/20200715095130/http://www.pimatisiwin.com/online/?page_id=1239
pubs.end-page 420
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RetrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Article
pubs.elements-id 411665

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