The Religious Paradox: Examining the countervailing impacts of religious and spiritual beliefs on socio-political outcomes

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dc.contributor.advisor Osborne, Danny
dc.contributor.advisor Sibley, Chris
dc.contributor.author Lockhart, Christopher
dc.date.accessioned 2022-05-09T00:25:47Z
dc.date.available 2022-05-09T00:25:47Z
dc.date.issued 2021 en
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/2292/59073
dc.description.abstract Religious beliefs have often been argued to be universally held across cultures and history, yet their socio-political impacts are often ambiguous and poorly understood. This thesis examines forms of religious identification to address two fundamental gaps in the literature on religion’s impact on political attitudes. The first oversight addressed by this thesis is to identify the temporal ordering of the oft-noted close relationship between religion and authoritarianism. The second gap addressed by this thesis is the countervailing association between religion and socio-political views, thereby demonstrating the plurality of religious identification and how different dimensions of religious belief affect political identification, environmental concern, and attitudes towards gender equality. Through four studies using data drawn from the New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (NZAVS), I demonstrate that whilst religiosity appears to foster authoritarian attitudes, spirituality correlates with egalitarianism and thus increased liberal political identification and pro-environmental attitudes. Finally, drawing on past work, I suggest that religious collective narcissism—a threat-motivated defensiveness of the positive self-image of one’s religious group—might suppress some of the positive impacts of religious identification on intergroup relations. Collectively, this work provides insight into the multidimensional nature of religion and its countervailing impacts on socio-political attitudes.
dc.publisher ResearchSpace@Auckland en
dc.relation.ispartof PhD Thesis - University of Auckland en
dc.relation.isreferencedby UoA en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/nz/
dc.title The Religious Paradox: Examining the countervailing impacts of religious and spiritual beliefs on socio-political outcomes
dc.type Thesis en
thesis.degree.discipline Psychology
thesis.degree.grantor The University of Auckland en
thesis.degree.level Doctoral en
thesis.degree.name PhD en
dc.date.updated 2022-04-14T11:06:20Z
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en


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