Effects of cycle skills training on children's cycling-related knowledge, confidence and behaviours

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dc.contributor.author Mandic, Sandra
dc.contributor.author Flaherty, Charlotte
dc.contributor.author Pocock, Tessa
dc.contributor.author Kek, Chiew Ching
dc.contributor.author McArthur, Siobhán
dc.contributor.author Ergler, Christina
dc.contributor.author Chillón, Palma
dc.contributor.author Bengoechea, Enrique García
dc.date.accessioned 2022-06-13T23:48:19Z
dc.date.available 2022-06-13T23:48:19Z
dc.date.issued 2018-03-01
dc.identifier.citation (2018). Journal of Transport and Health, 8, 271-282.
dc.identifier.issn 2214-1405
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/2292/59825
dc.description.abstract Background: Cycle skills training (CST) in a traffic free and light traffic environment is a promising approach to improve children's cycling-related skills and knowledge. This study examined the effects of short-term CST on children's cycling-related knowledge, confidence and behaviours. Methods: Children (n = 429; 11.0 ± 0.9 years; 52.1% boys; 3 schools) participated in either playground-based CST (Traffic-Free CST; n = 164) or playground-based plus on-road CST (Traffic-Free+OnRoad CST; n = 265) in Dunedin, New Zealand in 2015–2016. Children completed pre-training and post-training surveys and practical skills assessment. Data were analysed using McNemar tests and paired t-tests. Results: At baseline, 36.6% of children cycled ≥1/week, 7.7% cycled to school and 40.3% preferred cycling to school. Both types of CST significantly improved children's cycling-related knowledge (Traffic-Free: 80.8 ± 10.8% to 90.8 ± 10.3%; Traffic-Free+OnRoad: 84.2 ± 9.4% to 95.0 ± 5.9%; both p < 0.001) and self-perceived confidence to cycle in the parks/playgrounds (Traffic-Free: 61.3% to 74.8%, p = 0.001; Traffic-Free+OnRoad: 81.1% to 90.6%, p < 0.001) and on the road (Traffic-Free: 25.3% to 38.8%, p = 0.010; Traffic-Free+OnRoad: 51.7% to 67.4%, p < 0.001) but not to school (Traffic-Free: 46.9% to 50.5%, p = 0.791; Traffic-Free+OnRoad: 72.1% to 70.3%, p = 0.029). Cycling habits and preferences did not change significantly after CST with the exception of increased rate of cycling to school after Traffic-Free+OnRoad CST (10.6% to 12.5%). Conclusion: CST with or without on-road training improved children's cycling-related knowledge, and self-perceived confidence to cycle on playgrounds and on the road but not to school. Traffic-Free+OnRoad CST had positive but small effects on increasing cycling to school. Additional interventions targeting parents, schools and built environment changes may be necessary for behavioural change.
dc.language en
dc.publisher Elsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Transport & Health
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm
dc.subject Clinical Research
dc.subject Pediatric
dc.subject 3 Good Health and Well Being
dc.subject Science & Technology
dc.subject Life Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.subject Technology
dc.subject Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
dc.subject Transportation
dc.subject Children
dc.subject Cycling
dc.subject Cycle skills training
dc.subject Knowledge
dc.subject Confidence
dc.subject Behavior
dc.subject BICYCLE SAFETY PROGRAM
dc.subject NEW-ZEALAND
dc.subject PARENTAL PERCEPTIONS
dc.subject SPANISH ADOLESCENTS
dc.subject SCHOOL-CHILDREN
dc.subject TRAVEL
dc.subject ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject ACCIDENTS
dc.subject ATTITUDES
dc.subject STUDENTS
dc.subject 1117 Public Health and Health Services
dc.subject 1205 Urban and Regional Planning
dc.subject 1507 Transportation and Freight Services
dc.title Effects of cycle skills training on children's cycling-related knowledge, confidence and behaviours
dc.type Journal Article
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jth.2017.12.010
pubs.begin-page 271
pubs.volume 8
dc.date.updated 2022-05-25T01:35:50Z
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.author-url http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000431077800031&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=6e41486220adb198d0efde5a3b153e7d
pubs.end-page 282
pubs.publication-status Published
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RetrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Article
pubs.subtype Journal
pubs.elements-id 763120
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences
pubs.org-id Nursing
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2022-05-25


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