Availability of diagnostic services and essential medicines for non-communicable respiratory diseases in African countries.

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dc.contributor.author Plum, C
dc.contributor.author Stolbrink, M
dc.contributor.author Zurba, L
dc.contributor.author Bissell, K
dc.contributor.author Ozoh, BO
dc.contributor.author Mortimer, K
dc.coverage.spatial France
dc.date.accessioned 2022-06-16T00:31:41Z
dc.date.available 2022-06-16T00:31:41Z
dc.date.issued 2021-02
dc.identifier.citation (2021). International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 25(2), 120-125.
dc.identifier.issn 1027-3719
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/2292/59916
dc.description.abstract <b>BACKGROUND:</b> The global burden of disease due to asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is substantial and particularly great in low- and middle-income countries, including many African countries. Management is affected by availability of diagnostic tests and essential medicines. The study aimed to explore the availability of spirometry services and essential medicines for asthma and COPD in African countries.<b>METHOD:</b> Questionnaires were delivered to healthcare workers at the annual meeting of the Pan African Thoracic Society Methods in Epidemiology and Clinical Research (PATS MECOR) and International Multidisciplinary Programme to Address Lung Health and TB in Africa (IMPALA). Data were analysed using simple descriptive statistics.<b>RESULTS:</b> A total of 37 questionnaires representing 13 African countries were returned. Spirometry availability was 73.0%. The most common reasons for non-availability were lack of knowledge of the utility of the test. Within the study sample, 33.3% faced sporadic availability due to maintenance issues. Essential medicines availability ranged from 37.8% for inhaled corticosteroid-long-acting beta-agonist inhalers to 100% for prednisolone 5 mg tablets, mainly due to supply chain problems.<b>CONCLUSION:</b> There is varied availability of spirometry and WHO essential medicines for COPD and asthma in African countries. Strategies are needed to improve access to basic effective care for people with non-communicable lung disease in Africa.
dc.format.medium Print
dc.language eng
dc.publisher International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
dc.relation.ispartofseries The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
dc.subject Drugs, Essential
dc.subject Spirometry
dc.subject Diagnostic Services
dc.subject Health Services Accessibility
dc.subject Africa
dc.subject Clinical Research
dc.subject Prevention
dc.subject Asthma
dc.subject Lung
dc.subject Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
dc.subject Vaccine Related
dc.subject Respiratory
dc.subject 3 Good Health and Well Being
dc.subject Science & Technology
dc.subject Life Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.subject Infectious Diseases
dc.subject Respiratory System
dc.subject COPD
dc.subject 1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
dc.title Availability of diagnostic services and essential medicines for non-communicable respiratory diseases in African countries.
dc.type Journal Article
dc.identifier.doi 10.5588/ijtld.20.0762
pubs.issue 2
pubs.begin-page 120
pubs.volume 25
dc.date.updated 2022-05-21T02:27:51Z
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The Union en
dc.identifier.pmid 33656423 (pubmed)
pubs.author-url https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33656423
pubs.end-page 125
pubs.publication-status Published
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.subtype research-article
pubs.subtype Journal Article
pubs.elements-id 842102
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences
pubs.org-id Population Health
pubs.org-id Health Systems
dc.identifier.eissn 1815-7920
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2022-05-21

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