Typical m. triceps surae morphology and architecture measurement from 0 to 18 years: A narrative review.

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dc.contributor.author Bell, Matthew
dc.contributor.author Al Masruri, Ghaliya
dc.contributor.author Fernandez, Justin
dc.contributor.author Williams, Sîan A
dc.contributor.author Agur, Anne M
dc.contributor.author Stott, Ngaire S
dc.contributor.author Hajarizadeh, Behzad
dc.contributor.author Mirjalili, Ali
dc.coverage.spatial England
dc.date.accessioned 2022-06-23T04:49:41Z
dc.date.available 2022-06-23T04:49:41Z
dc.date.issued 2022-04
dc.identifier.citation (2022). Journal of Anatomy, 240(4), 746-760.
dc.identifier.issn 0021-8782
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/2292/60129
dc.description.abstract The aim of this review was to report on the imaging modalities used to assess morphological and architectural properties of the m. triceps surae muscle in typically developing children, and the available reliability analyses. Scopus and MEDLINE (Pubmed) were searched systematically for all original articles published up to September 2020 measuring morphological and architectural properties of the m. triceps surae in typically developing children (18 years or under). Thirty eligible studies were included in this analysis, measuring fibre bundle length (FBL) (n = 11), pennation angle (PA) (n = 10), muscle volume (MV) (n = 16) and physiological cross-sectional area (PCSA) (n = 4). Three primary imaging modalities were utilised to assess these architectural parameters in vivo: two-dimensional ultrasound (2DUS; n = 12), three-dimensional ultrasound (3DUS; n = 9) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI; n = 6). The mean age of participants ranged from 1.4 years to 18 years old. There was an apparent increase in m. gastrocnemius medialis MV and pCSA with age; however, no trend was evident with FBL or PA. Analysis of correlations of muscle variables with age was limited by a lack of longitudinal data and methodological variations between studies affecting outcomes. Only five studies evaluated the reliability of the methods. Imaging methodologies such as MRI and US may provide valuable insight into the development of skeletal muscle from childhood to adulthood; however, variations in methodological approaches can significantly influence outcomes. Researchers wishing to develop a model of typical muscle development should carry out longitudinal architectural assessment of all muscles comprising the m. triceps surae utilising a consistent approach that minimises confounding errors.
dc.format.medium Print-Electronic
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of anatomy
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subject Leg
dc.subject Muscle, Skeletal
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Magnetic Resonance Imaging
dc.subject Ultrasonography
dc.subject Reproducibility of Results
dc.subject Adolescent
dc.subject Child
dc.subject Infant
dc.subject Young Adult
dc.subject architectural properties
dc.subject imaging modalities
dc.subject musculoskeletal development
dc.subject paediatrics
dc.subject triceps surae
dc.subject Pediatric
dc.subject Biomedical Imaging
dc.subject Bioengineering
dc.subject Musculoskeletal
dc.subject Science & Technology
dc.subject Life Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.subject Anatomy & Morphology
dc.subject MEDIAL GASTROCNEMIUS-MUSCLE
dc.subject CROSS-SECTIONAL AREA
dc.subject IN-VIVO
dc.subject CEREBRAL-PALSY
dc.subject FASCICLE LENGTH
dc.subject AGED 2
dc.subject CHILDREN
dc.subject ULTRASOUND
dc.subject VOLUME
dc.subject RELIABILITY
dc.subject 0903 Biomedical Engineering
dc.subject 1116 Medical Physiology
dc.title Typical m. triceps surae morphology and architecture measurement from 0 to 18 years: A narrative review.
dc.type Journal Article
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/joa.13584
pubs.issue 4
pubs.begin-page 746
pubs.volume 240
dc.date.updated 2022-05-29T20:49:09Z
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
dc.identifier.pmid 34750816 (pubmed)
pubs.author-url https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34750816
pubs.end-page 760
pubs.publication-status Published
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.subtype review-article
pubs.subtype Review
pubs.subtype Journal Article
pubs.elements-id 873002
pubs.org-id Bioengineering Institute
pubs.org-id Engineering
pubs.org-id Liggins Institute
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences
pubs.org-id Medical Sciences
pubs.org-id Anatomy and Medical Imaging
pubs.org-id School of Medicine
pubs.org-id Surgery Department
pubs.org-id Engineering Science
pubs.org-id ABI Associates
dc.identifier.eissn 1469-7580
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2022-05-30
pubs.online-publication-date 2021-11-08


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