Persistence and change in community composition of reef corals through present, past, and future climates.

Show simple item record Edmunds, Peter J Adjeroud, Mehdi Baskett, Marissa L Baums, Iliana B Budd, Ann F Carpenter, Robert C Fabina, Nicholas S Fan, Tung-Yung Franklin, Erik C Gross, Kevin Han, Xueying Jacobson, Lianne Klaus, James S McClanahan, Tim R O'Leary, Jennifer K van Oppen, Madeleine JH Pochon, Xavier Putnam, Hollie M Smith, Tyler B Stat, Michael Sweatman, Hugh van Woesik, Robert Gates, Ruth D
dc.contributor.editor Sotka, Erik
dc.coverage.spatial United States 2022-09-23T01:15:08Z 2022-09-23T01:15:08Z 2014-01
dc.identifier.citation (2014). PLoS One, 9(10), e107525-.
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.description.abstract The reduction in coral cover on many contemporary tropical reefs suggests a different set of coral community assemblages will dominate future reefs. To evaluate the capacity of reef corals to persist over various time scales, we examined coral community dynamics in contemporary, fossil, and simulated future coral reef ecosystems. Based on studies between 1987 and 2012 at two locations in the Caribbean, and between 1981 and 2013 at five locations in the Indo-Pacific, we show that many coral genera declined in abundance, some showed no change in abundance, and a few coral genera increased in abundance. Whether the abundance of a genus declined, increased, or was conserved, was independent of coral family. An analysis of fossil-reef communities in the Caribbean revealed changes in numerical dominance and relative abundances of coral genera, and demonstrated that neither dominance nor taxon was associated with persistence. As coral family was a poor predictor of performance on contemporary reefs, a trait-based, dynamic, multi-patch model was developed to explore the phenotypic basis of ecological performance in a warmer future. Sensitivity analyses revealed that upon exposure to thermal stress, thermal tolerance, growth rate, and longevity were the most important predictors of coral persistence. Together, our results underscore the high variation in the rates and direction of change in coral abundances on contemporary and fossil reefs. Given this variation, it remains possible that coral reefs will be populated by a subset of the present coral fauna in a future that is warmer than the recent past.
dc.format.medium Electronic-eCollection
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS)
dc.relation.ispartofseries PloS one
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
dc.subject Animals
dc.subject Anthozoa
dc.subject Ecosystem
dc.subject Biodiversity
dc.subject Climate
dc.subject Population Density
dc.subject Models, Theoretical
dc.subject Coral Reefs
dc.subject Science & Technology
dc.subject Multidisciplinary Sciences
dc.subject Science & Technology - Other Topics
dc.subject PHASE-SHIFTS
dc.subject RESILIENCE
dc.subject DYNAMICS
dc.subject WINNERS
dc.subject ECOLOGY
dc.subject DECLINE
dc.subject EXTINCTION
dc.subject 0602 Ecology
dc.subject 0502 Environmental Science and Management
dc.title Persistence and change in community composition of reef corals through present, past, and future climates.
dc.type Journal Article
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0107525
pubs.issue 10
pubs.begin-page e107525
pubs.volume 9 2022-08-13T07:19:24Z
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The authors en
dc.identifier.pmid 25272143 (pubmed)
pubs.publication-status Published
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
pubs.subtype research-article
pubs.subtype Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
pubs.subtype Journal Article
pubs.elements-id 475573 Science Marine Science
dc.identifier.eissn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.pii PONE-D-13-21037
pubs.number ARTN e107525
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2022-08-13 2014-10-01

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