Representing the Pacific at international exhibitions 1851-1940

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dc.contributor.advisor Laracy, Hugh en
dc.contributor.author Johnston, Ewan C. en
dc.date.accessioned 2007-07-03T23:55:16Z en
dc.date.available 2007-07-03T23:55:16Z en
dc.date.issued 1999 en
dc.identifier THESIS 00-377 en
dc.identifier.citation Thesis (PhD--History)--University of Auckland, 1999 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/621 en
dc.description Full text is available to authenticated members of The University of Auckland only. en
dc.description.abstract The international exhibitions of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries served as a series of stages upon which, among other things, carefully screened images of the islands of the Pacific were presented to a largely Euroamerican metropolitan audience. These representations or re-constructions served a number of functions which were by no means static. As the imperial powers engaged in the quantification of colonial resources, the colonies of the Pacific were catalogued in terms of the existing taxonomies of the West. Many of the earlier conceptions or mythologies of the 'South Seas' were reinforced through these representations, while others were challenged to suit not only the interests of the imperial powers but also of the colonial settler societies competing for emigrants, investment, tourism, and other financial and legitimising support. Cross-cultural encounters were geographically transposed and replayed on other beaches, and in some cases peoples of Oceania were afforded significant input into the ways in which their worlds were represented. At the 1893 Chicago World's Columbian Exposition, for example, a 'Samoan Village and South Sea Islands Theatre' was situated in the entertainment zone. Here performers engaged in theatre and were themselves objects of display. In contrast, people from Fiji were less likely to be displayed, the colonial authorities instead striving to present and convey an image based on the economic potential of the islands as measured through 'progress'. New Zealand's shifting representations at international, and particularly at British imperial exhibitions, provide a case study of the participation of an Australasian colony, and later dominion, at these events. While the primary focus of these exhibitions was on trade, it was predominantly the use of the unique natural environment - the geothermal wonders and the Moa for instance - and the use of Maori people and cultural objects in these displays, that enabled the construction of a distinctive and appealing identity. This P was deemed essential in order to distinguish New Zealand from the other Australasian colonies. As with Fiji 'progress' was to become a crucial factor in the country's displays, as the exhibitions provided an opportunity for the telling and re-telling of histories. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher ResearchSpace@Auckland en
dc.relation.ispartof PhD Thesis - University of Auckland en
dc.relation.isreferencedby UoA9991719814002091 en
dc.rights Restricted Item. Available to authenticated members of The University of Auckland. en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.title Representing the Pacific at international exhibitions 1851-1940 en
dc.type Thesis en
thesis.degree.discipline History en
thesis.degree.grantor The University of Auckland en
thesis.degree.level Doctoral en
thesis.degree.name PhD en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en


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