Langi royal tombs: The Beginning of Tu'i Tonga Architecture

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dc.contributor.advisor Jenner, R en
dc.contributor.advisor Brown, D en
dc.contributor.author Moa, Bruce en
dc.date.accessioned 2011-02-28T21:03:28Z en
dc.date.issued 2011 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/6523 en
dc.description Full text is available to authenticated members of The University of Auckland only. en
dc.description.abstract This thesis is concerned with Tonga's ancient royal tombs, called langi, and attempts to uncover the rationale for its built design, bringing forward fundamental theories that remain unexplained, to understand what is Tu'i Tonga architecture. The langi are the burial chambers of the kingdom's most sacred paramount chiefs known as the Tu'i Tonga. This sacred dynasty expanded their authority across the moana (ocean) resulting in Tongan craftsmen and builders erecting stone structures like the langi (tombs) to mark and commemorate the sacred kings who were believed to be direct descendants from langi (sky). The langi is interpreted in this thesis as a spatio-temporal structure where all three dimensions of parallel worlds intersect. These parallel worlds are symbolic reference to Fiji (Pulotu spirit-world), Sāmoa (Langi sky) and Tonga or Maama (Lolofonua Underworld). This thesis will examine Tongan tala-tupu'a cosmology by introducing early traditions derived from the gods whilst investigating the origin of the first Tu'i Tonga and his craftsmen formally known as the Ha'a Tufunga. Analysis will be made of archaeological findings of the Tu'i Tonga's political-sacred centres and stone monuments such as 'esi platforms, sia-heulupe pigeon and burial mounds amongst many others. Further, I will focus on the langi tombs and discuss their development in terms of the advancement of stone masonry. An introduction to Tongan thinking and practice will be made on the basis of 'tā-vā time-space theory of reality' in order to give a more cohesive understanding of the three divisions of Tongan 'aati arts: Tufunga, Faiva and Nima mea'a, which will allow a critical thinking and examining of the tufunga-tāmaka stone-cutting as demonstrated in the langi tombs. Furthermore, the langi tombs will be viewed as an art form under the division of Tufunga material arts, exposing the state of tatau-symmetry, potupotutatau-harmony and beauty mālie/faka'ofo'ofa further theorised by way of fuo-form and uho-content arrangements. The III thesis will discuss the ethnography of the art as displayed in the langi relating this to fale (house) construction, identifying that langi and fata are indeed significant components of Tu'i Tonga architecture. The langi and the origin of fata will be discussed in the context of both their substantial-formal and functional entities whilst establishing their relationship associated with historic, symbolic and architectural reasoning. en
dc.publisher ResearchSpace@Auckland en
dc.relation.ispartof Masters Thesis - University of Auckland en
dc.relation.isreferencedby UoA99240145414002091 en
dc.rights Restricted Item. Available to authenticated members of The University of Auckland. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.title Langi royal tombs: The Beginning of Tu'i Tonga Architecture en
dc.type Thesis en
thesis.degree.discipline Architecture en
thesis.degree.grantor The University of Auckland en
thesis.degree.level Masters en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: the author en
pubs.elements-id 206688 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2011-03-01 en


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