'Ocean biodiversity informatics': a new era in marine biology research and management

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dc.contributor.author Costello, Mark en
dc.contributor.author Vanden Berghe, E en
dc.date.accessioned 2011-08-04T20:52:48Z en
dc.date.issued 2006 en
dc.identifier.citation MAR ECOL-PROG SER 316:203-214 2006 en
dc.identifier.issn 0171-8630 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/7190 en
dc.description.abstract Ocean biodiversity informatics (OBI) is the use of computer technologies to manage marine biodiversity information, including data capture, storage, search, retrieval, visualisation, mapping, modelling, analysis and publication. The latest information systems are open-access, making data and/or information publicly available over the Internet. This ranges from primary data on species occurrences, such as in the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), to species information pages and identification guides. Using standard data schema and exchange protocols, online systems can become interoperable and, thus, integrate data from different sources. However, insufficient metadata standards, i.e. the terminology to describe data, are available for biology and ecology. Quality assurance needs at least the same rigour as for printed publications, including expert oversight (e.g. Editorial Board), quality-control procedures and peer review. An index of data use is proposed to parallel citation indices for printed journals. Other challenges include data archiving and Internet access in developing countries. Although taxon names are the central, and most unique, element of biodiversity informatics, only about one-third of the names of described marine species are currently available online in authoritative master lists. The scientific community can form alliances that build and maintain biodiversity informatics infrastructures and that address data ownership and commercialisation potential. OBI enables greater access to more data and information faster than ever before, and complements the traditional disciplines of taxonomy, ecology and biogeography. It is urgently needed to help address the global crises in biodiversity loss (including fisheries), climate change and altered marine ecosystems. For OBI to succeed, governments, science-based organisations, scientists and publishers need to insist on online data publication in standard formats that enable interoperability. This change in marine biology culture is already underway. en
dc.language EN en
dc.publisher Inter-Research en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Marine Ecology-Progress Series en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0171-8630// en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.subject data schema en
dc.subject data exchange protocols en
dc.subject interoperability en
dc.subject archiving en
dc.subject quality assurance en
dc.subject peer review en
dc.subject nomenclature en
dc.subject taxonomy en
dc.subject biogeography en
dc.subject SEA en
dc.subject DATABASES en
dc.subject FISHERIES en
dc.subject SCIENCE en
dc.subject SYSTEM en
dc.subject FUTURE en
dc.title 'Ocean biodiversity informatics': a new era in marine biology research and management en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.3354/meps316203 en
pubs.begin-page 203 en
pubs.volume 316 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: 2006 Inter-Research en
pubs.author-url http://www.int-res.com/abstracts/meps/v316 en
pubs.end-page 214 en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 75824 en
pubs.org-id Science en
pubs.org-id School of Environment en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2010-09-01 en

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