Modelling fetal head motion and its mechanical interaction with the pelvic floor during childbirth

Show simple item record Li, Xinshan en Kruger, Jennifer en Nash, Martyn en Nielsen, Poul en 2011-11-03T02:52:27Z en 2009 en
dc.identifier.citation 39th International Meeting of the International Continence Society, San Francisco, USA, Sep 2009 - Sep 2009. Modelling fetal head motion and its mechanical interaction with the pelvic floor during childbirth. 2009 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract Hypothesis / aims of study The mechanism of birth is complex and depends on many factors, including the anatomy and material properties of the pelvic structures and the fetal head. In order to investigate these factors and their effects during the second stage of labour, a computer modelling framework has been created to simulate vaginal delivery. The model represents the process of a fetal head descending through the pelvic floor muscles. The force required for delivery, and the maximum stretch ratio, were plotted to demonstrate the effects of childbirth on the individual-specific pelvic floor muscles. Study design, materials and methods Pelvic floor models were created from magnetic resonance images (MRI), released to us from a previous study [1]. MRIs of healthy nulliparous women were acquired using a Siemens Magnetom Avanto 1.5T scanner. Thirteen components (bony pelvis, muscles and organs) of the pelvic floor were digitised and fitted using in-house software CMISS. A fetal head mesh was generated from a skull replica produced by ESP Ltd [2], with a biparietal diameter of 90mm and a suboccipitofrontal diameter of 100mm. The head was positioned occiput anterior, and displaced through the pelvic floor muscles in a series of steps, by prescribing the vertical descent of one point within the head. The head was otherwise free to translate and rotate, and the path of the head was determined by its geometry and interactions with the pelvic floor muscles, which were governed by the physical laws of finite deformation mechanics, subject to contact constraints and solved using the finite element method. The descent was defined as the distance between the lowest point of the head and the line joining the ischial spines. Results Figure 1 shows the motion of the fetal head as it descended through the personalised pelvic floor of one case study. The force required for delivery (normalised to the maximum force) and the maximum principal stretch ratio are plotted in Figure 2. The maximum stretch ratio was located at the right levator ani attachment to the pubis. Interpretation of results The location of the maximum stretch ratio is consistent with the prevalence of birth-related injuries at the levator ani attachments to pubis. This framework provides a quantitative tool for investigating the factors that affect the childbirth process, including pelvic floor muscle fibre anisotropy, muscle activation, and fetal head moulding. Concluding message We have developed and demonstrated a computer modelling framework to quantitatively analyse pelvic floor mechanics during the second stage of labour on an individual-specific basis. Further research is needed to test other factors so that their roles during labour can be better understood. In future, this model may be used to assist clinicians in the decision making process regarding childbirth. en
dc.relation.ispartof International Continence Society 39th Annual Meeting en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from en
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dc.title Modelling fetal head motion and its mechanical interaction with the pelvic floor during childbirth en
dc.type Conference Item en
pubs.begin-page 81 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: WILEY-LISS en en San Francisco en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.elements-id 94383 en Bioengineering Institute en ABI Associates en Engineering en Engineering Science en Science en Science Research en Maurice Wilkins Centre (2010-2014) en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2010-09-01 en

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